Summary of Physical Requirements
VISION: At least 20/40 acuity in each eye with or without correction (eyeglasses or contacts) reading the Snellen Chart, and at least 70 degrees of peripheral vison on the horizontal meridian in each eye. Driver must also be able to recognize and distinguish standard traffic signals red, green and amber colors.
HEARING: You Must perceive a forced whisper voice at 5 feet or more with or without hearing aid. Otherwise, you must undergo a formal hearing test with an audiometer and pass.
BLOOD PRESSURE: Driver qualified if less than or equal to 140/90. If your blood pressure is more than 140/90 but less than 180/110, you may qualify for a shorter interval depending on whether this is an initial or re-certification and also on your medical examiner's discretion.
What Medical Conditions Can Disqualify a Driver?
1. History of epilepsy (seizure disorder).
2. Diabetes requiring the use of insulin (unless you have an exemption issued by the Federal government).
3. If you don't meet the minimum vision and hearing standards listed above, even with the help of corrective lenses or a hearing aid, you may be disqualified.
If you don't meet the vision standards or you are using insulin for your diabetes it is also possible to apply for an exemption by going to the Federal Diabetes and Vision Exemption Program at the FMCSA website.
4. Use of methadone is automatically disqualifying. Use of a narcotic, amphetamine,or other habit forming drug without a prescription from a treating physician is disqualifying.
5. Loss or impairment of an arm or limb that interferes with commercial driving or tasks related to driving, unless accompanied by a Skills performance Evaluation (SPE) Certificate.
6. A driver with a history of alcoholism is disqualifying. Be prepared and know your medical history.
For more information on other medical conditions affecting commercial drivers see: FMCSA Medical Examiner's Handbook.